ACCIDENTAL TOURIST VS PARACHUTING RESEARCHER?
An overview of community health interventions in Cambodia 2000-2013.
Speaker: Ian Lubek, Professor(Adjunct)
University of Guelph,Canada.
Date: 11th of February
This case study illustrates a community health intervention which started accidentally, when a social psychologist, touring the Angkor Wat temples, was confronted by local community members and asked to find a solution to the HIV/AIDS epidemic then at its height and taking a visible and deadly toll. Wary of interventions that might be parachuted into a developing community from a well-meaning global agency or foundation (Campbell, 2003), the challenge here was to develop locally-relevant community-defined interventions, guided by research, and to build local capacity for delivering the health promotion program in this resource-impoverished community. Since 2000, our ongoing work has imported, with careful cultural modifications, research, theory and practice into the community of Siem Reap where a local NGO, the Siem Reap Citizens for Health, Educational and Social Issues (SiRCHESI) is on the ground to implement and followup.
They have tackled HIV/AIDS, alcohol abuse, women's illiteracy, workplace violence, trafficking and other social/health challenges. A Participatory Action Research (PAR) framework has been used to change health risks, careers, and, unplanned family life changes. Some of the health workshop interventions, peer-education processes, community health data-monitoring, and attempts to affect national and global business policy will be outlined (and are described at websites such as www.beergirls.org, www.ethicalbeer.com, www.angkorwatngo.com. SiRCHESI, as part of its community effort to become a self-sustaining community health promotion organization, offers 17-day mentoring internships in Siem Reap www.fairtradebeer.com/miscdocs/brochure2013.pdf and sells must-have fair-trade bangles at talks and conferences.
About the Speaker
Ian Lubek is Professor (Adjunct) of Psychology at University of Guelph (Canada), a Fellow of the Canadian Psychological Association, and has been a visiting researcher in Europe (IRESCO/CNRS in Paris; University Leiden, NL,),at National University of Singapore-Angsana College, University of Western Sydney; and as Visiting Professorial Fellow at the National Centre in HIV Social Research and School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales.
Research interests have included theory, meta-theory and epistemology; gender issues in scientific mentoring and career productivity; the social psychology of science; violence and media; the history of social psychology; and, most recently, problems of participatory action research, community health issues concerning the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia, and multi-sectorial health intervention programs.
He co-animated a Paris Semester Abroad cultural immersion programme (1988-1996). He has variously served as an executive member of the International Society for Critical Health Psychology, co-chair of the International Society for Theoretical Psychology, an executive member and chair of the Canadian Psychological Association's Section 25 on Philosophy and History of Psychology, and on the Review Committee of the Cheiron Society (the International Society for the History of the Behavioral and Social Sciences).
His ongoing collaborative research intervention in Siem Reap (Angkor Wat) Cambodia, targets groups increasingly vulnerable to HIV/AIDS: survivors of genocide, women and children. Intervention strategies address the lack of literacy among women, confronting the expansion of sexual tourism and risks to young persons, and the potentially harmful employment practices of major international beer companies competing for market share. During his travels, he also studies the social history of the carbonated water industry, and globally pursues antique coloured siphon bottles and their attached socio-cultural narratives. Related Research Websites: www.angkorwatngo.com, www.fairtradebeer.com, www.beergirls.org, www.ethicalbeer.com.
PRISONS, SEXUALITY AND HIV/AIDS
Speaker: Anne Egelund
Roskilde University and DIGNITY – Danish Institute Against Torture, Denmark
Date: Tuesday, March 5th, 2013
Time: 5pm onwards
Prisons are places of punishment – and are unavoidably associated with stigma, shame and lack of recognition from society. The African prison is characterized by severe overcrowding, human rights abuses, deprivation of food, heterosexual relationships and major health problems, including HIV/AIDS. Sexual relations between men in prisons occur all over the world making prisoners vulnerable to HIV infection. HIV prevalence in some prisons is more than double that of the general population, reaching 40% in Mukobeko Maximum Prison in Zambia.
Despite the characterization of prisons as abject and stigmatized, social recognition remains important to the incarcerated men. Recognition is an important part of identity, and imprisonment will pose severe challenges in terms of social, physical and psychological survival. Inmates will continue to seek social recognition as means to survive the pressure of incarceration. Various coping strategies are employed, and sex for some inmates is a way to cope with the deprivation of incarceration, and a way to obtain some sense of recognition. Sexual relations between men play a significant role in social hierarchies among inmates, as they struggle for recognition and access to scarce resources.
About the Speaker
Anne Egelund, PhD student at Roskilde University and DIGNITY Institute, Denmark, has through field work in Zambian prisons explored the social dynamics of sexual relationships in order to understand more about social, physical and psychological survival in African prisons and how this relates to vulnerabilities in terms of HIV infection. Anne Egelund is a sociologist with a particular interest in social marginalisation and HIV/AIDS. She has in various capacities worked with Zambian prisons since 2005. Initially, she was based in Zambia, working for UNAIDS, providing technical assistance for HIV/AIDS policy and strategy development in prisons. Whilst working for the UN, she started a nutrition and health project for children in Zambian prisons born of incarcerated mothers. The project is still ongoing, and has ensured her continuous connection and intimacy with the prisons environment. In 2010 she started her PhD, taking her once again into the Zambian prison, where she conducts life story and narrative interviews with inmates of all categories, but with a special emphasis on those engaging in sexual activities.
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WORKSHOP ON USING TOOLS FOR PARTICIPATORY LEARNING AND ACTION (PLA)
Facilitator: Susan B. Rifkin, PhD.
Date: Saturday, March 16th, 2013
Time: 9:30- 16:30 (with short breaks for tea, coffee and lunch)
This workshop is designed to introduce participants to a range of tools used in participatory planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation and research.
After a brief introduction to the goals and values of PLA, participants will start by practicing their listening and communication skills. Using the lessons from these exercises, they will be introduced to some key PLA tools that they will practice in groups. These tools will include mapping exercises, ranking exercises and using visioning matrices. The facilitator will present a Rapid Participatory Appraisal. Participants will work in groups to plan how such an appraisal might be carried out using the tools, which they have examined. In conclusion, the strengths and weaknesses of the PLA approach will be discussed highlighting potentials and challenges in the field and in project proposals.
There are limited places on this workshop.
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